When diagnosed with lumbar osteochondrosis, the therapy requires extensive complex therapy, which includes:
- moderate physical activity;
- use of drugs;
- manual therapy;
The osteohondrosis treatment scheme is focused on:
- elimination of the inflamed process;
- reduction of pain in the lumbosacral spine;
- strengthening the muscles in the lower back, buttocks, legs;
- elimination of pathological muscle tension;
- improving the functioning of the pelvic organs;
- regulation of blood circulation and metabolic processes in the affected area;
- restoring the normal volume of lower back movement and increasing the sensitivity of the lower limbs.
Only a few cases are used surgical intervention.
This treatment of osteohondrosis of the lumbar spine involves the use of tableted, injection and external (fats and gels) drugs. Drugs used to combat this disease relieve pain and stop inflammation.
Depending on the manifestations, the doctor can prescribe various osteochondrosis pills:
- analgesics (analgesics);
- non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (tylphen, diclofenac, etc.);
- muscle relaxants, in order to alleviate muscle spasm, which occurs due to pain;
- chondroprotectors, restoration of carotid tissue (chondroxide);
- corticosteroids (prescribing that all other types of treatment did not help);
Very often in the treatment of degenerative diseases of the disc prescribe drugs that calm the nervous system, as well as antidepressants, struggle with stress and depression.
Physiotherapy with lumbar osteochondrosis
As a rule, for the treatment of osteohondrosis, some drugs are not sufficient. To eliminate pain, relieve muscle cramps, stimulate exchange restoration processes, physiotherapeutic procedures have been used:
- dynamic currents;
- magnetic resonance therapy;
- laser therapy.
Massage is prescribed when the symptom of the main pain or during the remission period with chronic pathology is removed. This serves to relax the tense muscles. Very often it is combined with a warm-up procedure or a sauna visit. This will help to strengthen the relaxing effect on muscle tissue and stimulate blood circulation.
Manual therapy, which is only managed by a specialist in this area of treatment, strengthens the blood circulation of the spinal cord, puts the displaced backbone in place.
The entire complex of physical exercises used in the diagnosis of lumbar osteochondrosis should promote the mobility of the lumbar spine.
Therapeutic exercises will not be effective if exercise is carried out on a case-by-case basis. The main principle of exercise therapy is regularity. Constantly carrying out a specific set of exercises will help eliminate destructive processes in the joints connected to each other.
Usually, the doctor prescribes surgery only when serious complications develop. For example, intervertebral hernia. The most common type of surgical intervention is the removal of a damaged disc (dissectomy).
This operation is considered to be the most productive method in this case, but is only given at the same time if other methods of treatment do not produce results within six months. In addition, the method of microsurgical and endoscopic spinal treatment is common.
Causes, symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis, how to treat the disease
Most people over 30 years of age felt lower back pain. Up to 60 years of age, about 80% of the population complain about this symptom. The main and most common cause of these pains is the osteochondrosis of the lumbar region. The first signs of this disease can be diagnosed already in adolescents aged 15-19, and up to 30 years old, back pain already disturbs one person out of a hundred. Among all cases of osteohondrosis, the lesion of the lumbar region occurs in almost 90% of cases.
The essence of osteochondrosis
lumbar spine osteohondrosis occurs as a result of the destruction of the connective tissue of intervertebral disks, adjacent spleen bodies, joint surfaces of intervertebral joints and ligaments. All of this comes from the metabolic disorder under the influence of the load.
At the onset of the disease, there is a breakdown of glycoproteins-complex substances, a combination of proteins with polysaccharides. These substances determine the elasticity and elasticity of connective tissue. Furthermore, the process extends to the bony structure of the spine near the cartilage. Such processes are called degenerative-dystrophic.
The first to develop pathology is the intervertebral disc. It consists of a pulp gel-like core and a fibrous ring. With the development of osteoarthritis gel material of the core dries, loses its elastic amortization properties. Then a fibrous ring is covered: cracks or tears form through which the essential substance can pass beyond it. Sprains are thus beginning to experience high mechanical loads, which leads to an increase in the formation of bones and fibrous tissues at sites increased pressure on the spine and appearance of the bone of growth – osteophytes.